Does concomitant anterior fundoplication promote dysphagia after laparoscopic Heller myotomy?

Publication: The American surgeon
Publication Date: 2008
Study Author(s): Tapper, Donovan;Morton, Connor;Kraemer, Emily;Villadolid, Desiree;Ross, Sharona B;Cowgill, Sarah M;Rosemurgy, Alexander S;
Institution: Digestive Disorders Center, Tampa General Hospital , Florida 33601, USA.
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Concerns for gastroesophageal reflux after laparoscopic Heller myotomy for Achalasia justify considerations of concomitant anterior fundoplication. This study was undertaken to determine if concomitant anterior fundoplication reduces symptoms of reflux after myotomy without promoting Dysphagia. From 1992 to 2004, 182 patients underwent laparoscopic Heller myotomy without fundoplication. After a prospective randomized trial justified its concomitant application, anterior fundoplication was undertaken with laparoscopic Heller myotomy in 171 patients from 2004 to 2007. All patients have been prospectively followed. Pre and postoperatively, patients scored the frequency and severity of symptoms of achalasia (including dysphagia, choking, vomiting, regurgitation, chest pain, and heartburn) using a Likert Scale (0 = never/not bothersome to 10 = always/very bothersome). Before myotomy, symptoms of achalasia were frequent and severe for all patients. After myotomy, the frequency and severity of all symptoms of achalasia significantly decreased for all patients (P < 0.001, Wilcoxon matched pairs test). Notably, relative to patients undergoing laparoscopic Heller myotomy alone, concomitant anterior fundoplication led to significantly less frequent and severe Heartburn after myotomy (P < 0.05, Mann-Whitney Test) and to less frequent and severe Dysphagia and choking (P < 0.05, Mann-Whitney Test). Laparoscopic Heller myotomy reduces the frequency and severity of symptoms of Achalasia. Concomitant anterior fundoplication decreases the frequency and severity of heartburn and dysphagia after laparoscopic Heller myotomy. Concomitant anterior fundoplication promotes salutary relief in the frequency and severity of symptoms after myotomy and is warranted.
PMID: 18646481

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