Effect of lactate enhancement, modified atmosphere packaging, and muscle source on the internal cooked colour of beef steaks.

Publication: Meat science
Publication Date: 2008
Study Author(s): Suman, S P;Mancini, R A;Ramanathan, R;Konda, M R;
Institution: Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40546, USA.
Shortcut link to this study: http://science.naturalnews.com/pubmed/20416573.html
Earlier studies on lactate-mediated colour stability in beef did not address the possible influence on cooked colour. Our objective was to examine the effect of lactate-enhancement, muscle source, and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on the internal cooked colour of beef steaks. Longissimus lumborum (LL) and Psoas major (PM) muscles from 16 (n=16) beef carcasses (USDA Select) were randomly assigned to 4 enhancement treatments (non-injected control, distilled water-enhanced control, 1.25% and 2.5% lactate), and fabricated into 2.54-cm steaks. Steaks were individually packaged in either vacuum (VP), high-oxygen MAP (HIOX; 80% O(2)+20% CO(2)), or carbon monoxide MAP (CO; 0.4% CO+19.6% CO(2)+80% N(2)), and stored for 0, 5, or 9 days at 1°C. At the end of storage, surface and internal colour (visual and instrumental) was measured on raw steaks. Steaks were cooked to an internal temperature of 71°C, and internal cooked colour (visual and instrumental) was evaluated. Lactate-enhancement at 2.5% level resulted in darker (P<0.05) cooked interiors than other treatments. Interior cooked redness decreased (P<0.05) during storage for steaks in VP and HIOX, whereas it was stable for steaks in CO. Our findings indicated that the beef industry could utilise a combination of lactate-enhancement and CO MAP to minimise premature browning in whole-muscle beef steaks.
PMID: 20416573

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