Zinc prevents the copper induced damage of cultured astrocytes.

Publication: Neurochemistry international
Publication Date: 2010
Study Author(s): Scheiber, Ivo F;Schmidt, Maike M;Dringen, Ralf;
Institution: Centre for Biomolecular Interactions Bremen, University of Bremen, P.O. Box 330440, D-28334 Bremen, Germany.
Shortcut link to this study: http://science.naturalnews.com/pubmed/20600438.html
Copper is essential for several cellular processes, but an excess of cellular copper is known to be cell toxic. To study the consequences of a Copper treatment of astrocytes, we have used astrocyte-rich primary cultures as model system to investigate cellular functions and cellular integrity of these cells after application of micromolar concentrations of copper Chloride. After exposure of the cells to copper, the cell-associated copper content increased strongly in a time and concentration dependent manner. While incubation of cultured astrocytes with 3 microM copper hardly affected the cells during incubation for up to 4h, presence of 10 microM or 30 microM copper severly compromised cellular functions as demonstrated by a loss in total and soluble protein contents, a lowered MTT reduction capacity, lowered activities of the Enzymes lactate dehydrogenase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and Glutathione reductase, a lowered cellular glutathione content, an increased lipid peroxidation, and an elevated membrane permeability for propidium iodide. Presence of an excess of Zinc inhibited cellular copper accumulation and prevented most of the detrimental consequences of a copper exposure, suggesting that the beneficial effect of zinc against the copper-induced impairment of cultured astrocytes is mediated by inhibition of the cellular copper accumulation.
PMID: 20600438

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