Iron Fortification of Banana by the Expression of Soybean Ferritin.

Publication: Biological trace element research
Publication Date: 2010
Study Author(s): Kumar, Gujulla B Sunil;Srinivas, Lingam;Ganapathi, Thumballi Ramabhatta;
Institution: Molecular Plant-Microbe interactions group, School of Biology and Environmental Science, University College Dublin, Science West, Belfield, Dublin-4, Ireland,
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Iron deficiency anemia is one of the serious ailments related to Nutrition in the developing countries. Fruit and vegetable crops favor the bioavailability of Iron. banana is consumed as a staple food in the tropics. Iron-fortified Bananas provide an effective means of controlling the Iron deficiency. Embryogenic cells of banana cv. Rasthali (AAB) were transformed with Soybean ferritin cDNA using two different expression cassettes pSF and pEFE-SF to express ferritin. Transgenic nature of the regenerated plants was confirmed by PCR. Transgenic plants were regenerated and analyzed through PCR and PCR-Southern analysis. The expression of ferritin was confirmed by RT-PCR. Iron and Zinc levels in the transgenic and control plants were estimated by atomic absorption spectroscopy. A 6.32-fold increase in iron accumulation and a 4.58-fold increase in the zinc levels were noted in the leaves of transgenic plants. Thus, iron- and zinc-fortified bananas could be developed as a Functional food to overcome the malnutrition-related iron deficiency. This is the first report on the iron and zinc fortification of banana.
PMID: 20602178

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