Motivation for lifestyle changes to improve health in people with impaired glucose tolerance.

Publication: Scandinavian journal of caring sciences
Publication Date: 2010
Study Author(s): Hansen, Elisabeth;Landstad, Bodil J;Hellzén, Ove;Svebak, Sven;
Institution: Department of Neuroscience, The Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway Faculty of Education, Nord-Trøndelag University College, Levanger, Norway Department of Health Sciences, Nord-Trøndelag University College, Namsos and Levanger, Norway Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
Shortcut link to this study:
Scand J Caring Sci; 2010 Motivation for lifestyle changes to improve health in people with Impaired glucose tolerance Aim: To identify factors that could have motivational significance for lifestyle change to facilitate the reduction of Impaired Glucose tolerance (IGT) and, consequently, the risk of having type 2 diabetes. Methods: Eighteen people living in a municipality in central Norway participated in the study. A large-scale public health screening study had defined them as people with IGT. The participants took part in a semi-structured interview that focused on four aspects of everyday lifestyle: (1) structure and rhythm, (2) physical health, (3) physical activity and (4) social relations. Results: The interviews showed that the participants in the study changed their priorities regarding daily living. Results indicated four domains of motivational factors that appeared as significant for lifestyle changes. The participants attributed great significance to their physical health and were strongly motivated to prevent disease development by improvement of everyday structure and rhythm, reduction of sickness risk, activity level and social relation. Research indicates, however, that lasting lifestyle changes take time and that health care support must be adapted to the individual in light of their social setting. Conclusion: Persons with IGT appear to benefit from lifestyle changes along four dimensions of motivational significance: Structure and rhythm, Sickness concerns, Activity levels, Social relations. This means that attention needs to be more carefully tailored the individual along these four dimensions than has been the case in traditional health care.
PMID: 21175731

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