Antioxidant enzyme activity and lipid peroxidation in the blood of rats co treated with vanadium (V(+5)) and chromium (Cr (+3)).

Publication: Cell biology and toxicology
Publication Date: 2010
Study Author(s): Scibior, Agnieszka;Zaporowska, Halina;Wolinska, Agnieszka;Ostrowski, Jaroslaw;
Institution: Department of Cell Biology, Institute of Environmental Protection, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Krasnicka Ave 102, 20-718, Lublin, Poland.
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Selected biochemical parameters were studied in the blood of outbred, male Wistar rats which daily received to drink deionized Water (Group I, control) or solutions of: sodium metavanadate (SMV; 0.100 mg V/mL)-Group II; chromium Chloride (CC; 0.004 mg Cr/mL)-Group III; and SMV-CC (0.100 mg V and 0.004 mg Cr/mL)-Group IV for a 12-week period. The diet and fluid intake, body weight gain, and food efficiency ratio (FER) diminished significantly in the rats of Groups II and IV, compared with Groups I and III. The plasma total antioxidant status (TAS) as well as the MDA and the L: -ascorbic acid level in the erythrocytes (RBCs) remained unchanged in all the groups, whereas the plasma L: -ascorbic acid concentration decreased markedly in Group II, compared with Group III. The activities of Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD), catalase (CAT), cellular Glutathione peroxidase (cGSH-Px), and glutathione reductase (GR) in RBCs remained unaltered in all the treated rats. However, the activity of glutathione S-transferase (GST) and the content of reduced glutathione (GSH) in RBCs decreased and increased, respectively, in Groups II, III, and IV, compared with Group I. A vanadium-chromium interaction which affected the GST activity was also found. To summarize, SMV and CC administered separately or in combination in drinking water for 12 weeks did not alter either lipid peroxidation (LPO) or the activities of Cu,Zn-SOD, CAT, cGSH-Px, and GR, which allows a conclusion that both metals in the doses ingested did not reveal their pro-oxidant potential on RBCs.
PMID: 20352315

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